WIND FARM DECOMMISSIONING
Another significant advantage of
wind power generation over other forms of energy production is the
ease of decommissioning and the simple removal of plant items from
the site. A wind farm can be dismantled and the site restored,
leaving no visible trace of its existence.
The decommissioning of the wind farm would be the reverse of the construction process with a few exceptions. Piled foundations would be removed to a little below the seabed (or in accordance with the regulations prevailing at that time) with consideration made of likely changes in seabed level. Gravity or caisson foundations could be removed completely leaving only the prepared stone bedding.
According to the L553-3 article of the Environment Code, the decommissioning of a wind farm is entirely at the charge of the owner that must provide financial guaranties.